Surfaces and Strategies: Bibliography


Weston, Edward (1965), Edited by Nancy Newhall, The Flame of Recognition, Aperture Foundation, New York, Pg 28, 29, 49, 77

Daro Montag:

Heikki Leis: 


Baal-Teshuva, Jacob, (2003), Rothko, TASCHEN GmbH, Koln. Pg 14, 47, 58, 80

David Campany (A handful of Dust)

Frederick Sommer:

Man Ray:

Abstract Expressionists:

Hess, Barbara (2005), Abstract Expressionism, TASCHEN GmbH, Koln, Pg 19, 31, 53, 71

Sophie Calle:

Photographers Sketchbooks:

Mclaren, Stephen and Formhals, Bryan, (2014), Photographers Sketchbooks, Thames & Hudson Ltd, London

Naoya Hatakeyama:

Momento Mori:

Stephen Gill: 

Andres Serrano:



Additional Reading:

Sontag, S. (2008). On photography. London: Penguin Books.

Barthes, R. (2000). Camera lucida. London: Vintage.

Higgins, J. (2013). Why it does not have to be in focus. London: Quarto Publishing plc.

Juniper, A. (2010). Wabi sabi: the Japanese art of impermanence. Tokyo [etc.]: Tuttle Publishing.

Cotton, C. (2009). The photograph as contemporary art. London: Thames & Hudson.

Cotton, C. (2015). Photography is magic. New York: Aperture.

Rexer, L. (2013). The edge of vision. New York, N.Y.: Aperture.

Hunter, F., Fuqua, P. and Biver, S. (2015). Light – science & magic. Walthan, MA: Focal Press.

Antonini, M., Minniti, S., Gómez, F., Lungarella, G. and Bendandi, L. (2016). Experimental photography. London: Thames & Hudson.

Lucy Soutter. (2018). Why Art Photography?. Abingdon: Routledge.


Surfaces and Strategies: Week 11. Independent Reflection W/C 16/08/2018

This week has been a big focus on my oral presentation.

It has been a bit difficult as I have been working away which made things quite difficult.

Whilst working on my presentation I did come up with the titles that I want to use for my images. As I want the images to represent reinventions of the same life using the Titles 1:1, 1:2, 1:3 etc this was the best way I felt I could illustrate this.

I complete the last edit of my Work in Progress Portfolio in terms of reformatting one of the images that had a square format. This shape no longer fits the aesthetic of the project. This is quite a strange feeling as at one point of the module that had been the only mainstay of the project.

My 1:2:1 tutorial confirmed my feelings that my Work in Progress Portfolio is complete and ready to be submitted, this is a huge relief.

What I have found interesting this week is looking back through my CRJ and seeing how much my project has changed.

In week 2 when I was observing the work of Heikki Leis, a view of mine what it would have been beneficial to see what the item was before hand. Now I’ve thrown this idea right out of the window! Whilst my work is far more abstract and not still life like Leis – our work is being produced along a similar theme of the decomposition of items. I don’t believe his work to be based on life and death like mine but it shares a genre of photography.

The work will continue with my research, but the focus is to complete all of the assignment work before moving on further.

Surfaces and Strategies: Week 10. Independent Reflection W/C 03/08/2018

This week I had a break through with my Work in Progress Portfolio.

I took the time this week to build a whole new setup/studio this meant that I was able to achieve some of the images that I hadn’t been previously able to.

I was really pleased with the images and feel they will complete my portfolio.

Life 1-5

Sadly my presentation wouldn’t compress in time to share at the webinar, but I got to go back over my selected images which was really helpful. Especially as I hadn’t met Roger before so it was a fresh reaction/response to my imagery.

The webinar brought up how I might title my images. it has been my belief for a little while that I didn’t want to keep the titles of red grape, strawberry and raspberry as I didn’t want it to be completely obvious what people are looking at so this is something that I plan to work on this week.

I believe each image does need their own title as they should be independent in their own right as they are each  a life of their own which should also be able to be recognised as such. I don’t think that my project is actually about recognising the fruit anymore. This is a big change in direction from when I first started this module.

As part of my work this week I gave myself a refresher of what my project really is really about. This has been really helpful for preparing my oral presentation. Brainstorming words that I could relate to my project and also definitions, this assists in the communication of my project to the audience.

week 10 brainstorming

A reference to research, mentioned at this weeks webinar was Andres Serrano – Piss Christ.

Andres Serrano – Piss Christ – 1987

There is a tonal similarity between the image and some of my work, but Serrano’s work is far more controversial than my own. Piss Christ was a crucifix submerged in Serrano’s urine. It caused uproar when it was published I don’t feel that this is a reaction that I would personally want for my work. The only objection to my own work would be if individuals do not believe in life after death, reincarnation of the life of objects.

My work and Serrano’s would sit in the same genre of abstraction dealing with topics that could be seen as religion/spiritualism. Perhaps instead of linking to religion perhaps it is more a case or morality – is it moral that he has done this to something so symbolic? For my work the process of renewing life is the symbolic part, I haven’t used anything that could be identified as religious symbolism.

The work of Serrano however shows me what I would not want to achieve, more than what I would. Whilst I can see that Serrano achieve a furore with his work, which I can only imagine was his intention, he did gain audiences that he would not normally have been able to achieve. Whether this is moral or not, I’m not convinced. If the intent was to incite emotions he was certainly successful.


Surfaces and Strategies: Week 9. Independent Reflection W/C 27/07/2018

This week I began really trying to pull together thoughts for my oral presentation.

I’m not really sure where to start  and I felt a little lost during some aspects of the week in how to explain what I would really like to do with this project.

With my CRJ I need to have many more references I do struggle with the contextualisation part, I will put more work into this area.

This week the Guest Lecture by Welby Ings was really helpful to my development. In terms of how I might be able to improve my contextualisation.

He explained amongst other things how to write about work – that we have to position our ideas – refer to other practitioners working in the same field as that of our project subject and this will help us to show where our ideas fit. I’m not really sure why this hasn’t clocked before, maybe it was the way that it was put that worked for me.

This lecture really assisted in helping the penny drop for me in essence the first 10 mins of this lecture made me realise where I was going wrong – so it was the perfect week to have this lecture.

It was interesting seeing the works of his students and one of them was looking at the spirit of the landscape. This resonated with me as there are some similar aspects of this outlook that fits with my own work. I am applying a soul/spirit to my objects so that they can keep reinventing themselves into new life.

This guest lecture helped me realise I do actually have a methodology and you don’t need to use long words just to make your point valid. This has also given me a new bit of confidence. My methodologies are the way that I print my work, my contact sheets, presentations. The way I brainstorm. It’s my method and again because it was put so simply it made sense.

I also began looking at the work of Stephen Gill. While reading an article about him in The Telegraph something that seemed particularly relevant to this module was the way he prints his work and also publishes his books through Nobody Books. This way he has control over what happens with his work. I find his methods quite interesting, but what I did love about this, was his reference to the collection A Series of Disappointments. When this was printed and you took the book out of the cover you can hang it on your wall in turn changing a photo book into your own personal exhibition. I feel that this is a really great idea in the way that it allows his practice to reach across borders of what is a photobook and what is an exhibition? What is art?, and this collection can cover many genres.

In the project Talking to Ants, Gill actually put objects into the body of the camera. After the debris had been inserted a photogram was produced but adding these items added more context to the work. The way my work includes dust within the petri dish is an expression of time passing and without this would the passage of time have its context within my work.

Stephen Gill – Talking to Ants 

This weeks webinar we discussed my work in progress which was really useful I’ve now got my solid foundation of images which I would like to expand upon and some others which I would like to revisit.


Surfaces and Strategies: Week 8. Independent Reflection W/C 20/07/2018

Looking at workshops this week I knew I wouldn’t really want to do my mould work as it is somewhat hazardous and whilst I am happy to work with it I wouldn’t want to inflict it upon other people. (This was something that we considered wise at our webinar)

What I would be interested in would be the Macro and also iPhoneography side of my work that had been so pivotal to my work prior to this module. Its also something that people are interested in.

With this technique being quite tricky I would want to keep the group numbers quite small so it would be possible to give everyone a good amount of attention.

With my given skill set I feel I can offer something to people who are not so confident with their camera phones to take some really beautiful images and I am sure that I will also find this very rewarding.

Workshop notes
Workshop Preparation

Working on the details for the workshop was a valuable experience and it shows how much work goes in to becoming an instructor, it is certainly making me work to explain myself more clearly and this is something I’ve needed to work on for a while.

Whilst I would work with other people, I think this project has become really quite personal. Working with my mould I am still really excited by this project and this has further been ignited by some of the images I’ve been able to capture this week.

Grape 5 iphonestrawberry-10-iphone.jpgraspberry-4-iphone.jpg

I’m really enjoying the abstract nature and the dreamy nature of some of the images. It reminds me of some of the abstract expressionists work that I studied earlier in the module. Perhaps this research has influenced my work more than I had anticipated.

With this weeks webinar we started to discuss whether my work actually needs to be tied to triptychs anymore or whether they are now powerful enough to standalone not longer also constrained to the square format. From the previous modules in this course, my work has taken a huge leap in terms of my practice. My direction is now very much directed towards an exhibition, I can see the work really taking on its own character in a larger form. I have begun to research where I can hold an exhibition. Although a photo-book is still a viable option and I have enjoyed this element in this module.

The workshop

I held a 1:1 tutorial as if was the first time I had to carry out this type of task. Not being a hugely confident person it was daunting. Hence I thought this was the best route to take.

I created a Facebook group so that people could get involved and so the images could easily be shared.

I was really happy with how it went and I feel I was able to connect with the student and confidently offer advice but also answer the questions that were asked of me. Most of all I really enjoyed the experience what made it even better was they achieve and image they were really happy with and also happy they managed to get the image they wanted. It has a hugely fulfilling experience.

It has made me understand that there can be a certain satisfaction in working with and helping others.

Workshop feedback


This week I want my research to be project based and focus particularly on the beliefs behind behind transformation/transmutation and life after death.

One of the aspects that I started with was Memento mori. This is leading from my research from the last module. Memento mori is a Latin phrase meaning “remember you must die”. I can accept this my items have to die to be reborn.

I found an example of an image which incorporated the Momento Mori genre the best in my interpretation, but sadly there was no reference with it. It incorporates the skulls, decompostion familiar with the Momento Mori genre.
Momento Mori example Sadly unknown origin

This type of art was highly popular in around the 17th Century a time where religion played a big role in life with the breaking free from the Roman Catholic church and reform of the Church of England and also the early stages of Puritanism, it was a time where it was a popular belief that life on Earth was simply preparation for the afterlife.

A modern day example of Momento Mori is the work of Damien Hirst. With one of his notable pieces For the Love of God (2007), which is the diamond encrusted skull. Whilst I don’t necessarily agree with some of Hirst’s work its good to have a contemporary artist to which I can refer and observe and see how views have changed over time.

My work still has links to this concept particularly in that I am still working with fruit that is decomposing, which is on of the themes of Memento mori art.

I have moved away from the Vanitas side as my work does not feature symbolic objects in the way this genre would. I feel as the work is looking for abstract shapes rather than the still life images that I had been creating, I don’t feel that there is a vanity to my images.

I don’t think  my imagery is the same as the art from this time because of the abstract nature of my work (although Pablo Picasso did make some art that should be considered as momento mori), but I can see how the principles can me applied due to growing the mould.

My work can relate back to the religious beliefs of the Ancient Chinese and Egyptians, Tibetan Buddhism, and Christians – there have been quite a few links between my work and religion which I find interesting since it is a route I didn’t think I would be taking.

I find that the cycle of death and rebirth which the Tibetan Buddhists call the cycle of transmigration which consists of the cycle of rebirth and redeath. Plato also believed in an immortal soul that participates in frequent incarnations. This then links into the belief of reincarnation which had been found to derive from the Latin meaning of “entering the flesh again” – Learning of this definition I found surprisingly fitting to the work in my project as my images when the light has been passing through my items has been described as fleshy – like there is a probe inside the body taking images. Perhaps this is something that could link into the naming of my project if rebirth doesn’t continue to be the appropriate title.

Two terms that I have come across in my research is Transmigration – meaning “implying migration from one life to another” and Transmutation – meaning “the action of changing or the state of being changed into another form” both of these definitions are so appropriate to the work that I am doing in fact I don’t think I could find better terms to define my work.

The changing state aspect of transmutation is a key point as I am waiting for the items to mutate. I am willing them to change form. This links me back to the work I completed during the informing contexts module on Sam Taylor-Johnson.

In this CRJ entry I said the following:

“I also explored Sam Taylor-Johnson’s moving image sequences of Still Life (2001) and A Little Death (2002), and they captured what I would like to be able to in stills. Having items in place showing the degeneration – the transformation from one to another – passing – it is the cycle.

The difference in the feeling from the two sequences was quite unbelievable to me at first and then it clicked! With the fruit in Still Life, the mould slowly creeps over, becoming an new organism, this appears quite gentle and almost a beautiful process. To then go straight into A Little Death is quite a different experience. The dead rabbit doesn’t have the dignity curtain of the mould encapsulating it. It is instead eaten from the inside out with the creeping blackness of death moving around it. It is possible to see the maggots coming and going and transforming into flies, in the next stage of their lives. Whilst you are watching you are witnessing a whole new life-cycle which is the whole point to my project, but this sequence comes over a brutal, almost a violent horror story. It is this emotion, these feelings that I want to be able to put into my images. It was another turning point for me to see these moving image sequences. It gave me some motivation back.”

Like Still Life and A Little Death I want to see the changes happen however the meaning behind out work is very different, Taylor-Johnson referred to her work to people who try to prevent the ageing process, where as my concept is different in that I want to see the joy of the rebirth.

I still want to keep the transient nature of the items an important concept as I am capturing different stages of a life cycle and once I have captured it can never capture that moment again as the item moves through its cycle.

Wabi Sabi, Anthropomorphism and Animism will still take a part in my project as I do feel like my objects have a soul that is moving through a cycle but in terms of Wabi Sabi my items are imperfect, they are impermanent and they are incomplete as the question is is a life cycle ever complete? This will lead to some really exciting insights in my future research.


Surfaces and Strategies: Week 7. Independent Reflection W/C 13/07/2018

This weeks activity Thinking About Spaces, really made me think, everyone had masses of books covering a broad range of topics which not only made me realise how limited my range of knowledge is, but also how beneficial if would be to broaden this. Whilst I do borrow a lot of library books I feel I need to do more.

The Sorting Images activity was a fun one as this is the way that I like to work when curating my work in progress portfolios.

Putting together the dummy was more difficult than I had anticipated. I thought I had a clear vision but in fact the way that I want to present my images for exhibition is not the same as I would present my images for a photo book.

As it turns out and the feedback received from my presentation at our webinar, I picked the wrong paper, I sized my images incorrectly but the concept worked for what I was trying to say with this dummy.

When I introduced the label to my concept it was because I wanted the item to have a sense of belonging, with the labels having the name of the grower I felt it gave a personal, emotional link to my item going through its rebirth process, but also that there is a sense that there is someone there who will celebrate the rebirth.

I have reconsidered the layout for my photo book and have compiled a sketch from which I will try to make another dummy.

Layout sketch

My project is moving away from what might be seen as the morbidity of death and much more heading to the celebration of the rebirth. This is a much more comfortable place and it then allows me to see some of the beauty in some of the images that I am producing.


Working with physical objects was something that I wanted to look at this week. I got the book Photographers Sketchbooks, and its made me realise that this is an aspect of work that I don’t do enough of.

The way I work tends to be quite off the cuff. Everything I use is pretty much digital and I don’t have many tactile notes/plans, I wonder if this is detrimental to my practice.

Jason Evans was one photographer I was drawn to in this book, perhaps due to the abstract style of his work, but he also seemed to work in quite a similar style to my own, but the way that I work is not always successful. When I have been completing my shoots I don’t really pay enough attention to the set up, angles, focal length, aperture etc, so when it comes back to re-shoot I struggle to get the same settings as I used before. So when I came across the diary of Naoya Hatakeyama it was really quite enlightening. Photographers’ Sketchbooks. Spread highlighting photographer Naoya Hatakeyama

My practice could also gain a great deal by using a diary to plan shoots to the level of Hayakeyama as it would not only be beneficial to my practice for this course but also future projects so I can keep track of what works and what doesn’t.  It would also give me something tangible of my projects.

This book also reminded me of the importance of printing my work, I go through fits and starts of this but it really does help my practice when I do. The work of Cahier by Martin Kollar was very interesting and the layout of his sketchbook, the methodology used to put his images together and how they were presented is something I should take note of. It would not only make planning for the end result of exhibition/photobook easier but also planning for the shoots that I still need to achieve.

This piece of research has really made me consider my methodologies and shows me where I need to make changes and improvements – its also made me realise that I want to remake my dummy into something of higher quality.

My remade Dummy

Photobook password


Mclaren, Stephen and Formhals, Bryan, (2014), Photographers Sketchbooks, Thames & Hudson Ltd, London